The Fuel Economy Reform Act was a bill (S. 3694 in the 109th United States Congress and S. 767 and S. 768 in the 110th United States Congress) by Barack Obama and Richard Lugar. It’s a standard of corporate average fuel economy fleet by 4% per year, about one mile per gallon. The bill also provides tax incentives for retooling production. Fuel economy gains are the responsibility of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, part of the executive branch. Thus, Obama and Lugar remarked on their bill, “Mr. President, we are adopting the authority to reform the economy.” These bills were introduced in the Senate, but did not pass.